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Medical Observer - Nine reasons why Australia needs to improve preventive health! Mar 25th, 2015
This appeared in today's Medical Observer, Written by Ruby Prosser Scully

TWO out of every three Australian adults have at least three or more risk factors for cardiovascular disease, diabetes and chronic kidney disease, according to a new AIHW report.

Multiple risk factors were also prevalent among Australians who already had one of the conditions. 

“For people with diabetes, nearly all adults (94%) had three or more risk factors, and for CVD and CKD, 84% and 77%, respectively, had three or more risk factors,” AIHW spokesperson Sushma Mathur said.


1. Just under a third of all adults have hypertension (including 22% with uncontrolled hypertension).

2. Almost two-thirds are overweight or obese, and 3% have impaired fasting glucose. 

3. Over half the population is not active at all or insufficiently active. 

4. One in six people smoke daily and one in five surpass guidelines for lifetime alcohol risk. 

5. A third of Australian adults have high LDL-cholesterol, and 63% have dyslipidaemia.

6. People with cardiovascular disease are more likely to have uncontrolled hypertension (2.1 times), be overweight or obese (1.3 times), have dyslipidaemia (1.3 times) and be inactive or insufficiently active (1.2 times) than those without CVD.

7. Almost all adults (95%) do not eat the daily recommended two serves of fruit and five serves of vegetables.

8. People with type 2 diabetes are twice as likely to have uncontrolled hypertension, be overweight or obese (1.5 times), and have uncontrolled dyslipidaemia (1.2 times) than adults without the disease.

9. People with CKD are more likely to have uncontrolled hypertension (1.9 times), or have blood glucose levels ≥6.1 mmol/L (2.8 times) than adults without CKD.


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